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    Household and individual income inequality

    These tables contain two measures of income inequality among households and individuals aged 16 and over: income quintiles and the Gini coefficient.

    The Gini coefficient is a measure of inequality in income distribution. It is a number between 0 and 100, where 0 means perfect equality between the members of a group (everyone in the group has the same income), and 100 means perfect inequality (the group’s income is earned by a single member).

    Quintiles divide the population into five groups of equivalent demographic weight based on income (lowest income quintile, second quintile, third quintile, fourth quintile, and highest income quintile.)

    These statistics are presented according to three types of income: market income, total income, and after-tax income. They come from various Statistics Canada surveys.

    Estimates for 2012 to 2019 have been revised following an adjustment to survey weights based on the 2016 Census.  The impact of these changes is minor.


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