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Based mainly on data from the Québec Survey of Child Development in Kindergarten (QSCDK) 2017, this publication draws a portrait of the characteristics and development of kindergarten children according to their mother tongue. Child development is examined through the proportion of vulnerable children in five domains of development: physical health and well-being, social competence, emotional maturity, language and cognitive development, and communication skills and general knowledge. A relationship between the vulnerability of children and their characteristics is described, and a comparison is made between the results of children whose mother tongue is English and those whose mother tongue is French.
The QSCDK data is based on information collected from kindergarten teachers on more than 83,000 children, about 10% of whom have English as their mother tongue. This report is intended to provide reliable information for decision-makers, stakeholders, researchers and community organizations interested in the development of children, particularly English-speaking children.