This article compares the perceptions of Quebecers aged 55 and over of their health status with that of French people in the same age group. The analyses highlight how various chronic diseases and indicators of activity limitations influence this perception. Their relationship to perceived health is first examined in bivariate analyses. Logistic regression analyses taking into account the main socio-demographic and economic characteristics (e.g., education, income, and household type) of these populations then show how these factors simultaneously affect perceived health status. The data are draw from two national surveys representing the population living in private households: the 2003 Canadian Community Health Survey for Québec and the Enquête décennale santé 2002-2003 for France.