Mother tongue, language spoken at home, and knowledge of French and English

    The tables on this page present language data from the 2011, 2016 and 2021 Censuses carried out by Statistics Canada. They focus on mother tongue, languages spoken at home (most often and regularly), and knowledge of French and English. Data are presented for Québec as a whole, census metropolitan areas (CMAs), and non-CMA areas. The Montréal CMA is divided in two: the Montréal Island and off-island suburbs.

    These data help monitor the demolinguistic situation in Québec. Reports by the Office québécois de la langue française (OQLF) also look at how the situation is evolving.

    Additional census data on various linguistic variables are available on Statistics Canada’s website.

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