Population and age and sex structure – Québec

    Data on the evolution of the Québec population and its age and sex structure, as well as on the components of demographic growth (births, deaths and migratory movements). Some comparisons are made with Canada and the other provinces.

    Population estimates should not be confused with census population figures. They are based on census data, but take into account census net undercoverage. In addition, population estimates are frequently updated to monitor demographic changes on an ongoing basis.

    Total population estimates for Québec were revised in September 2023 to align with 2021 Census counts, adjusted for net undercoverage. Population estimates by age will be revised in February 2024. As of that revision, data for 2021 and subsequent years will be released by gender (two categories) rather than by sex at birth of individuals.

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