Data from the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) allow comparisons to be made between recent immigrants (in Canada for less than 10 years), long-term immigrants (10 years or more) and non-immigrants (Canadian-born). This article provides a brief profile of immigrants living in Québec and then divides into two main sections. First, we present a review of the highlights of various studies on the health of immigrants carried out in Québec or Canada. This is followed by the results of analyses conducted using data from three cycles of the CCHS, namely 2003, 2007–2008 and 2011–2012. Bivariate analyses were used to provide a brief portrait of changes in the health of immigrants during the 2000s. Multivariate analyses (logistic regressions), which take into account immigration status and the age and education of individuals, were used to compare immigrants and Canadian-born individuals over the same period.