Carried out in the spring of 2002, the Enquête de nutrition auprès des enfants québécois de 4 ans (Nutritional Survey of Quebec Four-Year-Olds) makes it possible, for the first time in Québec, to produce reliable data on the social determinants of diet quality among preschool children. It was conducted as part of the Québec Longitudinal Study of Child Development (QLSCD 1998-2011 survey of 1,550 children, their parents, and daycare personnel.
This publication presents in turn the characteristics of the children and their families, including the prevalence of overweightness and obesity in the children, their energy and nutrient intake, and their consumption from various food groups, taking into consideration the suggestions in Canada's Food Guide to Healthy Eating. Also looked at are certain meal time and diet behaviours. The information was collected using 24-hour recalls, questionnaires, and by measuring height and weight.
In combination with the results of the nutrition component of the Enquête sociale et de santé auprès des enfants et des adolescents québécois (ESSEA) published in 2004, the data contained in this report can be used to measure the progress made in reaching the objectives of the Programme national de santé publique 2003-2012, such as an increase in daily consumption of fruit and vegetables, and the prevention of overweightness and obesity in children.