• Statistics
  • The Institut
  • Surveys
    All press releases

    Total compensation of Québec government employees has weakened compared to other Québec employees, but is on par with employees in the private sector

    Montréal, November 26, 2020. – Every year, the Institut de la statistique du Québec compares the salaries and total compensation of Québec government employees with those of employees working in businesses with 200 or more employees in Québec.

    The 2020 edition of the report Rémunération des salariés – État et évolution comparés reveals that the total compensation of Québec government employees is increasingly lagging behind that of all other employees in Québec: the differential has increased from 6.1% in 2011 to 9.2% in 2020. However, Québec government employees are on par with the private sector in terms of total compensation. This was also the case in 2011.

    The calculation of total compensation takes into account salaries, non-wage benefits, and hours at work (normal working hours minus paid time off).

    Salaries behind in the Québec government

    When only salaries are taken into account, Québec government employees are behind all other Québec employees (-16.5%) and the private sector (-13.3%) in 2020. These gaps have widened since 2011.

    Compensation differentials between Québec government employees and other Québec employees, the private sector and the “other public” sector between 2020 and 2011


    Sector Total compensation differentials   Salary differentials
     
     
      2020   2011   Position of Québec government
    employees compared with 2011
      2020   2011 Position of Québec government
    employees compared with 2011
     
         
     
      %       %  

    Other Québec employees -9.2   -6.1   Weakened   -16.5   -11.3 Weakened
    Private -0.3 * 2.2 * Stable   -13.3   -8.3 Weakened
    “Other public” sector -28.3   -23.0   Weakened   -23.5   -17.7 Weakened

    * Indicates that Québec government employees and the sector are on a par.
    Source: Institut de la statistique du Québec, Rémunération des salariés. État et évolution comparés 2020.

    Comparison between Québec government employees and other public sector employees

    The situation of Québec government employees shows a significant gap when compared with that of employees in other public sectors, which include government enterprises, the federal government in Québec, universities, and municipalities with populations of 25,000 or more. In terms of salaries, Québec government employees are behind other employees in the public sector by 23.5%, while in terms of total compensation, they are behind by 28.3%.

    Working conditions improve the situation of Québec government employees

    Due to a shorter work week and more paid time off, Québec government employees are in a more favourable position compared to other Québec employees for total compensation (-9.2%) than for salaries (-16.5%) in 2020.

    This is because employees in the Québec government (35.8 h) work about two hours less per week than other Québec employees (37.4 h). In addition, paid time off represents a larger expense for the Québec government (16% of the salary) than for the employers of other Québec employees (14.7%).

    As for benefit costs for Québec government employees, they amount to 26.3% of their salary, which is higher than the costs paid by the employers of other Québec employees (25.5%) and of private sector employees (22.8%).

     

    Base sector and reference market used for the comparison


     Québec government Other Québec employees
      (businesses and organizations with 200 or more employees)

     Public service: departments, government bodies, special funds Private businesses

     Education
    “Other public” sector: government enterprises, municipalities with populations of 25,000 or more, federal government in Québec 

     Health and social services

     



    The Institut de la statistique du Québec produces, analyzes and disseminates official, objective and quality statistical information on various aspects of Québec society. It is responsible for conducting all statistical surveys of general interest. The relevance of its work makes it a strategic ally for decision makers and all those wishing to learn more about Québec.

    Media relations
    Information and Documentation Centre

    Phone: 418-691-2401
    or 1-800-463-4090 (toll-free in Canada and the United States)
    E-mail: cid@stat.gouv.qc.ca