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    Monthly indicators, Québec and Canada

    Key seasonally adjusted economic indicators. Annualized levels.

      
    Québec

    Monthly indicators 2020 2021 2020   2021  
         
        Year to date November December January February March

    Real GDP at basic prices (2012 $M) 357,823   371,715 373,367      
    Real international merchandise exports (2012 $M) 73,828 77,124 77,311 78,219 77,124    
    Real international merchandise imports (2012 $M) 79,839 82,456 85,832 86,562 82,456    
    Housing starts (n) 54,066 91,013 67,724 57,165 102,775 79,251  
    Residential building permits (current $M) 13,002 18,584 15,614 16,136 18,315 18,852  
    Non-residential building permits (current $M) 6,487 9,073 6,115 6,319 9,106 9,041  
    Sales of manufactured goods (current $M) 152,834 168,079 160,165 161,866 166,555 169,603  
    Wholesale sales (current $M) 143,742 155,881 151,341 149,004 156,499 155,263  
    Retail sales (current $M) 130,351 126,096 145,356 139,730 126,096    
    Average weekly earnings, including overtime (current $) 1,039.14 1,080.44 1,057.67 1,052.76 1,080.44    
    Labour force (K) 4,497.8 4,510.2 4,543.7 4,504.3 4,496.7 4,504.0 4,529.9
    Employment (K) 4,099.6 4,185.8 4,216.0 4,200.0 4,102.1 4,214.7 4,240.6
         Full-time (K) 3,387.4 3,483.3 3,456.8 3,448.3 3,442.8 3,479.8 3,527.2
         Part-time (K) 712.3 702.5 759.2 751.7 659.2 734.9 713.4
    Unemployment rate (%) 8.9 7.2 7.2 6.8 8.8 6.4 6.4
    Participation rate (%) 63.8 63.7 64.2 63.6 63.5 63.6 63.9
    Employment rate (%) 58.1 59.1 59.6 59.3 57.9 59.5 59.8
    Consumer price index, non-seasonally adjusted (2002=100) 132.8 134.8 133.5 133.4 134.3 135.3  
    U.S. exchange rate in cents, non-seasonally adjusted 74.54 78.96 76.52 78.08 78.59 78.75 79.53

      
      
    Canada

    Monthly indicators 2020 2021 2020   2021  
         
        Year to date November December January February March

    Real GDP at basic prices (2012 $M) 1,875,976 1,949,641 1,933,906 1,936,208 1,949,641    
    Real international merchandise exports (2012 $M) 532,930 566,444 560,557 559,250 573,797 559,090  
    Real international merchandise imports (2012 $M) 482,031 513,144 519,910 518,813 520,998 505,290  
    Housing starts (n) 217,802 265,147 261,556 228,669 284,372 245,922  
    Residential building permits (current $M) 67,172 83,327 79,245 78,013 84,560 82,094  
    Non-residential building permits (current $M) 33,857 37,237 36,991 33,638 34,764 39,710  
    Sales of manufactured goods (current $M) 611,071 669,772 646,130 653,257 675,261 664,284  
    Wholesale sales (current $M) 754,074 827,952 808,844 798,973 830,753 825,150  
    Retail sales (current $M) 605,193 630,552 661,988 637,740 630,552    
    Average weekly earnings, including overtime (current $) 1,096.62 1,135.41 1,109.55 1,115.14 1,135.41    
    Labour force (K) 19,896.6 20,239.4 20,279.9 20,258.8 20,171.0 20,196.2 20,351.1
    Employment (K) 17,999.2 18,545.8 18,537.5 18,484.8 18,272.0 18,531.2 18,834.3
         Full-time (K) 14,753.1 15,249.6 15,077.0 15,119.7 15,132.3 15,220.5 15,395.9
         Part-time (K) 3,246.1 3,296.3 3,460.5 3,365.1 3,139.7 3,310.7 3,438.5
    Unemployment rate (%) 9.5 8.4 8.6 8.8 9.4 8.2 7.5
    Participation rate (%) 64.1 64.8 65.1 65.0 64.7 64.7 65.2
    Employment rate (%) 58.0 59.4 59.5 59.3 58.6 59.4 60.3
    Consumer price index, non-seasonally adjusted (2002=100) 137.0 138.6 137.7 137.4 138.2 138.9  
    U.S. exchange rate in cents, non-seasonally adjusted 74.54 78.96 76.52 78.08 78.59 78.75 79.53

      
    – The year-to-date levels represent the average of all observable annualized periods. When annual gross value and changes are available, they are presented.
    – Monthly and quarterly data on housing starts are seasonally adjusted independently; quarterly data do not correspond to the average of monthly data.
    – In April 2020, the CMHC's monthly survey was carried out in all Canadian provinces except Québec. As a result, the April 2020 data for Québec is not available and the April 2020 data for Canada excludes Québec.
    – Annual sales of manufactured goods are calculated from the monthly survey.
    – Numbers in bold have been revised since last Friday.
      
    Sources : Institut de la statistique du Québec,
                      Statistics Canada,
                      Mortgage and Housing Corporation (housing starts),
                      Bank of Canada (exchange rates).
     
    Update : April 16, 2021
    Symbols used in tables
    .. Data not available
    ... Not applicable
    Void or zero
    Negligible data
    p Preliminary data
    r Revised data
    e Estimated data
    x Confidential
    F Data unreliable
    n.e.s. Not elsewhere specified
    p.-y. Person-year
    f.t.e Full-time equivalent
    Per thousand
    kg Kilogramme
    l Liter
    n Number
    t Metric ton
    $ In dollars
    k and '000 In thousands
    M and '000 000 In millions
    G In billions