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    Monthly indicators - Percentage change from the preceding period, Québec and Canada

    Key seasonally adjusted economic indicators. Percentage change over the previous period, unless otherwise indicated.

      

    Québec


    Monthly indicators 2021 2022 2022
         
        Year to date March April May June July August

    Real GDP at basic prices 5.6 4.0 0.7 – 0.3 – 0.1 – 0.2    
    Real international merchandise exports 3.1 4.0 0.8 – 2.9 10.0 2.2 – 5.4  
    Real international merchandise imports 9.9 1.0 6.7 4.9 – 2.1 4.1 – 3.2  
    Housing starts 27.1 – 15.3 17.7 – 7.8 5.1 – 20.1 12.8 – 4.4
    Residential building permits 35.4 1.6 – 9.6 5.9 – 25.2 20.8 7.9  
    Non-residential building permits 58.3 24.6 – 21.1 6.0 – 9.5 – 20.7 7.8  
    Sales of manufactured goods 20.0 19.1 0.6 2.4 0.8 0.0 – 3.4  
    Wholesale sales 18.5 6.1 – 0.4 – 2.3 0.5 – 2.7 – 2.8  
    Retail sales 14.4 9.6 – 1.5 0.2 3.4 – 0.1 – 1.5  
    Average weekly earnings, including overtime 3.1 4.0 0.6 – 0.1 – 0.3 – 0.3 1.2  
    Labour force (change in K) 49.7 29.6 10.0 – 37.0 18.5 – 26.1 – 13.2 49.7
    Employment (change in K) 169.4 128.5 27.1 – 26.5 5.1 – 27.0 – 4.5 27.2
         Full-time (change in K) 132.7 69.1 26.5 – 29.8 36.1 – 40.1 3.7 – 28.6
         Part-time (change in K) 36.6 59.4 0.7 3.2 – 30.9 13.0 – 8.1 55.7
    Unemployment rate (change in % points) – 2.8 – 2.2 – 0.4 – 0.2 0.3 0.1 – 0.2 0.4
    Participation rate (change in % points) 0.3 0.0 0.1 – 0.5 0.2 – 0.5 – 0.2 0.6
    Employment rate (change in % points) 2.0 1.3 0.4 – 0.4 0.0 – 0.5 – 0.1 0.3
    Consumer price index, non-sea. ad. (annual change in %) 3.8 6.7 6.7 6.8 7.5 8.0 7.3 7.1
    U.S. exchange rate in cents, non-sea. ad. (change in ¢) 5.23 – 1.72 0.36 0.19 – 1.38 0.23 – 0.77 0.12

      
      

    Canada

     

    Monthly indicators 2021 2022 2022
         
        Year to date March April May June July August

    Real GDP at basic prices 4.9 4.4 0.7 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.1  
    Real international merchandise exports 1.2 1.8 3.0 – 0.7 1.9 1.5 1.7  
    Real international merchandise imports 8.1 7.2 7.3 0.6 – 1.4 1.2 – 1.2  
    Housing starts 25.2 – 8.6 – 1.6 5.8 7.9 – 3.1 0.9 – 2.8
    Residential building permits 30.1 6.0 5.5 – 2.4 0.9 4.3 – 8.6  
    Non-residential building permits 18.1 25.0 – 23.3 4.4 1.8 – 10.2 – 2.1  
    Sales of manufactured goods 17.7 20.6 3.6 1.7 – 0.3 – 0.1 – 0.9  
    Wholesale sales 15.4 13.2 0.8 – 0.7 0.9 0.2 – 0.6  
    Retail sales 11.8 9.7 0.5 0.6 2.3 1.0 – 2.5  
    Average weekly earnings, including overtime 3.1 2.9 0.8 – 0.6 – 0.1 0.0 0.4  
    Labour force (change in K) 488.7 334.9 37.1 1.0 11.8 – 97.5 – 27.0 66.2
    Employment (change in K) 866.2 835.1 72.5 15.3 39.8 – 43.2 – 30.6 – 39.7
         Full-time (change in K) 640.7 653.2 92.7 – 31.6 135.4 – 4.0 – 13.1 – 77.2
         Part-time (change in K) 225.5 181.9 – 20.3 47.1 – 95.8 – 39.1 – 17.5 37.5
    Unemployment rate (change in % points) – 2.0 – 2.5 – 0.2 – 0.1 – 0.1 – 0.2 0.0 0.5
    Participation rate (change in % points) 1.0 0.2 0.0 – 0.1 0.0 – 0.4 – 0.2 0.1
    Employment rate (change in % points) 2.2 3.0 0.1 0.0 – 0.2 – 0.2 – 0.1 – 0.3
    Consumer price index, non-sea. ad. (annual change in %) 3.4 6.9 6.7 6.8 7.7 8.1 7.6 7.0
    U.S. exchange rate in cents, non-sea. ad. (change in ¢) 5.23 – 1.72 0.36 0.19 – 1.38 0.23 – 0.77 0.12

      
    – For greater accuracy, the changes presented are calculated from unrounded figures.
    – The year-to-date change represents the variation in all observable periods, expressed in relation to the same periods of the previous year. When annual gross value and changes are available, they are presented.
    – In April 2020, the CMHC's monthly survey was carried out in all Canadian provinces except Québec. As a result, the April 2020 data for Québec is not available and the April 2020 data for Canada excludes Québec.
    – Annual sales of manufactured goods are calculated from the monthly survey.
    – Numbers in bold have been revised since last Friday.
      
    Sources : Institut de la statistique du Québec,
                      Statistics Canada,
                      Mortgage and Housing Corporation (housing starts),
                      Bank of Canada (exchange rates).
     

     

    Update : September 29, 2022
    Symbols used in tables
    .. Data not available
    ... Not applicable
    Void or zero
    Negligible data
    p Preliminary data
    r Revised data
    e Estimated data
    x Confidential
    F Data unreliable
    n.e.s. Not elsewhere specified
    p.-y. Person-year
    f.t.e Full-time equivalent
    Per thousand
    kg Kilogramme
    l Liter
    n Number
    t Metric ton
    $ In dollars
    k and '000 In thousands
    M and '000 000 In millions
    G In billions