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This is the Institut’s first publication on sustainable development. It features a review of the literature on the ecological footprint with a view to evaluating its relevance as a sustainable development indicator.
The ecological footprint measures the pressure exerted on nature by human consumption. It is insufficient in scope in terms of the well-being of societies since it does not measure the social and economic aspects of development. In addition, it has been criticized conceptually and methodically. Lastly, there is no consensus in the literature or in practice on the footprint’s statistical framework.