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    How is labour force participation evolving during the pandemic in Québec and elsewhere in Canada?

    What does the labour market look like in Québec and elsewhere in Canada compared to what it was before the pandemic? The following analyses include graphs and tables on the evolution of labour force participation during the pandemic across the country. The situation in the fourth quarter of 2020 (October to December) is compared with that in the last quarter of 2019 (October to December), a few months before the various provinces declared a health emergency. A quick look at the evolution of labour force participation between the third and fourth quarters of 2020 is also presented to put things in context.

    The situation in Québec is compared to that in the other provinces. The Prairie and Atlantic provinces are grouped together for analytical purposes, but data by province are available in the detailed tables. Results are presented:

    • for the total population aged 15 and over;
    • by sex; and
    • for three age groups: 15-24 years, 25-54 years, and 55 years and over.

    The topics covered by the analyses include the number of people employed in the fourth quarter of 2020 compared to the fourth quarter of 2019. This ratio is represented as a percentage. The results show where not only overall employment, but also full-time and part-time employment stand. An analysis of unemployment rates completes the picture, and their evolution is put into perspective with that of the non-working population for the various population groups under study.